Mmetụta dị aṅaa ka akwụkwọ Ginkgo nwere?

Ginkgo biloba bụ osisi nwere nnukwu uru ọgwụ. Ginkgo biloba, nke a makwaara dị ka ginkgo ma ọ bụ osisi Gongsun, bụ nke gymnosperms, na osisi ndị ọzọ niile nke ezinụlọ ya ekpochapụla ma kpọọ ya "osisi relict". Ginkgo biloba, osisi deciduous, ruo mita 40 n'ịdị elu, alaka nwere ogologo alaka mkpụmkpụ alaka, osisi na-eto eto na-acha odo odo na-acha ntụ ntụ, na-emighị emi ogologo mgbape, ochie isi awọ agba aja aja, miri longitudinal mgbape. A na-agbasasị akwụkwọ mpịakọta na ogologo alaka yana na 3-5 ụyọkọ na obere alaka; Ogologo ya ruru 3-10 cm; Akwukwo a na-acha uhie uhie, na-acha akwụkwọ ndụ akwụkwọ ndụ, na-egbuke egbuke, nwere ọtụtụ veinlets ndị yiri ya nke abụọ, oke elu 2-5 cm n'obosara, na-enweghị isi, mgbe ụfọdụ ma ọ bụ na-ekpuchi ya na etiti. Dioecious. Okooko osisi na-enweghị mmekọ nwoke na nwanyị, obere idina nwoke. Convolvulus nke a mụrụ na axils nke akwụkwọ ndị na-egbuke egbuke n'ọnụ nke alaka ndị dị mkpirikpi, nwoke convolvulus catkin udi, pendulous; Convolvulus nke nwanyị nwere ogologo peduncle, a na-ekewakarị njedebe peduncle ụzọ abụọ, ndụdụ ọ bụla nwere nucellus nke nwere diski, osisi ọ bụla nwere ovule, naanị otu na-etolite ghọọ mkpụrụ. Mkpụrụ drupe, elliptik ruo subglobose; Uwe elu nke anụ ahụ, na-acha ọcha, odo ma ọ bụ oroma-edo edo mgbe ọ na-eto; Uwe mkpuru etiti etiti ọkpụkpụ, ọcha; Endosperm uwe membranous, endosperm bara ọgaranya. Okooko osisi sitere na March ruo Eprel, ntozu mkpụrụ sitere na Septemba ruo October. 

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Ginkgo akwukwo wepụ ntụ ntụ bụ ụdị ntụ ntụ a na-esi na akwụkwọ ginkgo amịpụta. Kedu ọrụ ya na ọrụ ya? Soro m n'okpuru ka ịmata.

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Akụkụ bụ isi dị irè nke akwụkwọ mpempe akwụkwọ ginkgo biloba bụ flavonoids na ginkgolides. The wepụ nwere ọrụ nke na-akwalite ọbara mgbasa, wepụ stasis na ikpochapụ collaterals, wdg A na-eji ya n'ọtụtụ ọgwụ maka ọrịa obi na cerebrovascular. Ọ nwere mmetụta anwansi n'ịgwọ ọrịa obi, angina pectoris, hepatic arteriosclerosis, senile dementia, ọbara mgbali elu na ọrịa ndị ọzọ.

Pharmacological omume nke wepụ akwụkwọ ginkgo

(1) N'akụkụ niile nke mkpụrụ osisi ginkgo, ọkachasị glycolic acid, nwere ike igbochi uto nke ụkwara nta bacilli ma gbochie nje bacteria na fungi dị iche iche nke anụ ahụ ruo ogo dịgasị iche iche na vitro. Iribiga oke ginkgo nwere ike ibute nsị, mgbu afọ, ọgbụgbọ na afọ ọsịsa, ahụ ọkụ, cyanosis na coma, mgbakasị ahụ, nnukwu iku ume iku ume ọnwụ.

(2) Mwepụ akwụkwọ ndụ Ginkgo biloba nwere ogo mgbochi dị iche iche na nje bacteria gram-adịghị mma na nke dị mma na fungi anụ ahụ. Ọ nwere ọrụ nke expectorant na adịghị ike izu ike nke bronchial ezigbo uru. Nwee mmetụta mgbochi ịka nká, ihe agha ginkgo nwere mmetụta antiallergic.

Mmetụta Clinical nke Ginkgo Leaf Extract

1. Na-emeso ọbara mgbali elu

N'ihi ọbara mgbali elu na ezughị oke nke arịa ọbara na ndị ọrịa nwere ọbara mgbali elu, anụ ahụ ischemia na-emepụta ọnụ ọgụgụ dị ukwuu nke superoxide anion free radicals, na-ebute mmebi peroxidation lipid na ụba ọdịnaya MDA. Usoro pathological a nwere njikọ chiri anya na omume ọbara mgbali elu. N'ime usoro ginkgo biloba wepụ na ọgwụgwọ ọbara mgbali elu, enwere ike ijide ya ozugbo ma wepụ wdg na superoxide anion free radicals na hydrogen peroxide, gbochie ma gbochie radicals free na lipid peroxidation mmeghachi omume pathological, mgbochi nke lipid peroxide (LPO) na metabolite ya dị ka MDA na conjugated diene akụkụ ihe emepụtara, mgbali ọbara laghachiri na nkịtị.

2. Ọgwụgwọ hyperlipemia

Ginkgo biloba wepụ nwere mmetụta ọgwụgwọ na hyperlipidemia, nwere ike belata ọkwa nke lipid ọbara nke ọma, belata ọrịa obi na-arịa ọrịa obi na ndị agadi. WitteS et al. chọpụtara na iji ginkgo biloba wepụ 761240mg / d maka izu iri na abụọ nwere ike imeziwanye fibrinogen na njirimara ọbara na ndị ọrịa nwere ọrịa obi na-arịa ọrịa obi, ọbara mgbali elu, hyperlipidemia na ọrịa shuga, na ọgwụgwọ nwere ike ibelata mmetụta ogologo oge nke ihe ize ndụ nke obi.

3. Ọgwọ ọrịa obi akpa ume

Ọrụ nchịkọta platelet (PAG) nke ndị ọrịa nwere ọrịa obi na-arịa ọrịa obi na-abawanye mgbe niile, mkpọda ahụ na-abawanye, na ọnụ ọgụgụ depolymerization na-ebelata, ebe nke abụọ erythrocyte na-abawanye, nnabata na-ebelata, viscosity ọbara na-abawanye, na ọbara nọ n'ọnọdụ. nke hypercoagulation. Mmụba nke PAF bụ ihe dị mkpa kpatara mmụba nke PAG. Ọbara PAF na ndị ọrịa nwere ọrịa obi akpa ume na ụkwara ume ọkụ na-abawanye nke ukwuu. Mmetụta mgbochi nke ginkgo biloba wepụ na PAF belatara nchịkọta platelet, viscosity ọbara, pulmonary arteriole thrombosis na PAG. N'otu oge ahụ, ọ nwere ike imegide nzaghachi nkwekọrịta nke anụ ahụ nku ume na histamine na PAF ma melite ọrụ ngụgụ, ya mere ọ na-arụ ọrụ dị mkpa n'ịgwọ ọrịa obi nke pulmonary.

4. Na-agwọ ọrịa obi angina pectoris

Ginkgo biloba wepụ nwere mmetụta doro anya na ọgwụgwọ ọrịa coronary heart angina pectoris, nwere ọrụ ịkwalite ọbara obi , ichekwa ischemic myocardium, nwere ike belata cholesterol, n'ime glycemia, ly melite ọrịa ụlọ ọgwụ nke ọrịa coronary obi ọrịa ndị ọrịa, nwere mkpa dị kpa maka mgbochi ọrịa cardiovascular na ọrịa cerebrovascular.

5. Ọgwụgwọ ọrịa cerebrovascular

Site na ngwa ụlọ ọgwụ nke ginkgo biloba wepụ nkwadebe, a na-achọpụta na ọ nwere ike imeziwanye mgbasa ọbara cell ma mee ka metabolism cell rụọ ọrụ, n'ihi ya, ọ na-enwe mmetụta dị ukwuu na dementia senile, sequela nke mmerụ ụbụrụ, ụbụrụ ụbụrụ ụbụrụ na ọrịa ndị ọzọ. Nnyocha ọzọ kọrọ na ndị ọrịa na-arịa ọrịa Alzheimer, multiple cerebral infarction vascular dementia, na mgbagwoju anya, nke a na-enyocha site na nyocha nke geriatric, were ginkgo biloba wepụ maka ọnwa 6. Mmetụta nke ịdabere na mkpa nlekọta, itinye uche na ebe nchekwa na nlebara anya, na nleba anya n'ozuzu ụlọ ọgwụ gosipụtara ọganihu dị ukwuu. Ngalaba ahụike gọọmentị etiti German kwadoro EGh ka ọ bụrụ ọgwụgwọ maka ọrịa alzheimer.

Otu nnyocha e mere na United States gosikwara na Ginkgo biloba na-arụ ọrụ nke ọma n'ịgwọ ọrịa Alzheimer na ọtụtụ ụbụrụ infarction dementia, na-enweghị mmetụta ọjọọ doro anya. Mwepụta nke ginkgo biloba na-ahapụ n'ịgwọ ndị ọrịa nwere nsogbu uche mgbe mbelata ụbụrụ ụbụrụ nwere mmetụta dị ukwuu n'ịba ụba ọbara nke cerebral na ịkwalite microcirculation, mana ọ nwekwara ike igbochi mbelata glucuronic acid transferase nke hypoxia kpatara, na-emeziwanye ike metabolism nke ụbụrụ hypoxia. sel, ma melite hypoxia metabolism nke mkpụrụ ndụ ụbụrụ. Atụnyere ndị ọrịa iri itoolu na abụọ tupu ọgwụgwọ na mgbe emechara ya na usoro nha. Mgbe ọnwa 3 gachara, a na-emeziwanye ọrụ ọgụgụ isi, karịsịa nlebara anya, ebe nchekwa obere oge na ikike mmụta, na ụfọdụ ndị ọrịa ruru ọkwa nkịtị.

6. Ọgwọ ọrịa vaskụla anya

Glaucoma bụ neuropathy anya na-aga n'ihu na-adịghị ala ala nke mfu na-aga n'ihu nke mkpụrụ ndụ ganglion retina bụ isi njirimara pathophysiological. Optic neuroprotection kwesịrị ekwesị maka ọrịa nke mkpụrụ ndụ ji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-efunahụ. Optic neuroprotective ọgwụ kwesịrị inwe ọnọdụ ndị a: ① Nnwale anụmanụ ekwenyela na mmetụta neuroprotective optic nke ọgwụ ahụ, ② molecular bayoloji ekwenyela usoro ọrụ ya, ③ ọgwụ z ~ 10 ruru sel ebu n'obi, ④ The multi-center clinical control nnwale ekwenyela. Mwepụta akwukwo ginkgo biloba nwere ọnọdụ niile dị n'elu ma tinye ya na ọgwụgwọ glaucoma. Ginkgo biloba wepụ nwere mmetụta doro anya na ọrịa mamịrị retinopathy na proliferative retinopathy.

Ọ bụrụ na ị ga-achọ ịmụtakwu, biko kpọtụrụ sales@sxytorganic.com

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