Nye gị Ọdịnaya Akwụkwọ Nsọ gbasara Yam Extract

A: Ihe gbasara yam akụrụngwa
a. Njirimara ọdịdị ọdịdị nke ji: Osisi vaịn gbakọtara ọnụ. Tubers ogologo cylindrical, uto kwụ ọtọ, ruo 1 mita n'ogologo, akụkụ akọrọ na-acha ọcha. Ị ga na-emekarị purplish-acha ọbara ọbara, dextral, na-egbuke egbuke. Na-ahapụ dị mfe, ọzọ na obere azuokokoosisi, na-abụghị n'elu etiti, adịkarịghị 3-im peller; Akwukwo akwukwo di iche iche, ovate-triangular ka ovate ma obu orbit, 3-9(-16) cm ogologo, 2-7(-14) cm n'obosara, apical acumulate, basely cordate, sara mbara cordate ma ọ bụ subtruncate, oke mgbe 3- lobed ruo 3-mimiri lobed, etiti lobes ovate-elliptik ruo lanceolate, mpụta lobes auricular, gburugburu, subsquare na oblong; Akwụkwọ ya na-abụkarị ovate ma ọ bụ oval, na isi ya nwere ọdịdị obi miri emi. A na-enwekarị mkpụrụ osisi bead na axils. Dioecy.

b. gburugburu ntolite: Ọ na-eto na elu 150-1500 mita n'akụkụ ugwu, n'okpuru ọhịa ndagwurugwu, n'akụkụ iyi, n'oké ọhịa ma ọ bụ na ahịhịa. Yam bụ ihe ọkụkụ na-ekpo ọkụ nke na-adịru nwa oge. Okpomọkụ kacha mma maka uto seedling bụ 15-20 ℃. Okpomọkụ kachasị mma nke uto kacha elu bụ 25-28 ℃, na uto na-agbada n'okpuru 20 ℃. Ọ dabara adaba na-eto eto na ala rụrụ arụ, nke na-eme nri na nke miri emi, mana ụdị dị larịị na ụdị mgbochi nwekwara ike itolite na ala na-emighị emi na nke nnyapade. Ji bụ ọzọ emede okochi, ma ọ bụghị anabataghị nke waterlogging, na-ekwesịghị kụrụ na groundwater larịị bụ oke-emighị emi ma ọ bụ oke mmiri ala. Ọdịnaya mmiri nke ala aja na ala loam bụ ihe dịka 18%.

c. Mmalite nke akụrụngwa: Achọpụtara ya na Korea, Japan, na China; Na China, a na-ekesa ya na Henan, Anhui n'ebe ndịda nke Osimiri Huaihe, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Fujian, Taiwan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong (Ugwu Niutou na Zhongshan), Guizhou, ugwu Yunnan (G ongshan, Deqin na Lijiang), Sichuan, ọwụwa anyanwụ Gansu na ndịda Shaanxi (350-1500 m) na ebe ndị ọzọ

d. Ụzọ ịkụ ihe ọkụkụ:
A na-agbasa Dioscorea zingiberensis site na usoro isi ahịhịa na usoro ọmụmụ mkpụrụ efu.

1). Usoro ịgbasa isi ahịhịa: A na-eji akụkụ nwere buds na nsọtụ elu nke mgbọrọgwụ dị ka mkpụrụ, nke a na-akpọ isi ahịhịa. Mgbe ị na-egwu ala yams n'oge oyi mbụ, họrọ mgbọrọgwụ na obere olu, siri ike, enweghị alaka, na pests na ọrịa, na mgbọrọgwụ nwere ike overwintered n'okpuruala. Mgbọrọgwụ ahụ adịghị ike na mmịpụta mmiri, ọ ga-akpọnwụ n'oge na-adịghị anya mgbe e bechara ya, na-ahọrọ ebe dị ntakịrị iru mmiri. Dioscorea na-achọ ala aja na loam na anwụ na-acha na mbara ala, mmeghachi omume ala dị ntakịrị acidic ruo ntakịrị alkaline, na oyi akwa ala dị omimi ma na-eme nri. Ala nke nnyapade nke ukwuu, aja aja ma ọ bụ alkaline adịghị mma maka ịkụ ihe.

2). Usoro ozuzu mkpụrụ efu efu: Tupu na mgbe ntu oyi gasịrị, mgbe ị ga-abụ odo na epupụta nke Dioscorea, bulie ma ọ bụ buru mkpụrụ efu efu site na axilla nke akwụkwọ ahụ, ikuku 2-3 ụbọchị mgbe e mesịrị, tinye ya na bamboo. nkata, kpuchie ya ma ọ bụ tinye ya n'ime igbe osisi maka nchekwa. N'oge nchekwa, ekwesịrị ịkwụ ụgwọ nlebara anya na mmebi òké na ikuku ikuku kwesịrị ịchọrọ. Ịzụlite na mkpụrụ efu na-achọ 1 afọ nke ịkụ ihe na mgbọrọgwụ tubers maka mkpụrụ.

e. Uru nri: Nri mbụ na-edozi splin na afọ bụ ji, nke bụ ezigbo ngwaahịa maka ịbanye n'ime ume, na-ewusi splin ike, na tonifying akụrụ. Ihe ọṅụṅụ gooey nke ji bụ tumadi mucin, nke nwere ike ime ka arịa ọbara dị nro ma mee ka ngụgụ kwụsị ụkwara. Enwere ike ijikọ yam na oge na-acha uhie uhie iji mee porridge, ma ọ bụ were ya na ofe, a pụkwara iji ihe dị iche iche sie ya.
Uru ọgwụ: Dioscorea tuber bụ nke a na-ejikarị na nkà mmụta ọgwụ Chinese "Huai yam", mgbọrọgwụ nwere ike iji dị ka ọgwụ, ụtọ, ọkụ, ewepụghị, na-adịghị egbu egbu. Ịgwọ mmerụ ahụ, na-eme ka mmeri dị ike, wepụ oyi na ikpo ọkụ, na-eme ka etiti dị ike, na-erite uru ike, ogologo mọzụlụ, Yin siri ike. Ogologo oge ije ozi, anya na ntị maara ihe, anụ ahụ adịghịkwa agụụ. The Jataka. Isi isi na ihu ikuku njem, isi ikuku anya na-egbuke egbuke, n'okpuru qi, kwụsị mgbu azụ, gwọọ agụụ ma merie mkpa, jupụta zang ise, wepụ iwe na okpomọkụ. Edekọla ya. Mee elu ise ihe mgbu na asaa merụrụ ahụ, ka oyi ifufe, mee ka uche dị jụụ, mee ka obi dị jụụ, na-eme ka enweghi obi qi, Kaida obi oghere ọzọ ihe icheta. Ikike nyocha. Na akwara na ọkpụkpụ siri ike, nna ya ukwu na-echefu. Na-emebi emebi. akụrụ qi, na-eme ka splin na afọ dị ike, ịkwụsị ọnyụnyụ ọbara, wepụ phlegm na saliva, na ajị anụ. Shizhen. Mgbasa ọkụ, nsi siri ike, nwere ike ịgbasa. Zhenheng.
Uru oriri: Tubers bara ụba na starch, enwere ike iri ya dị ka akwụkwọ nri.

Uru nri.jpg

 

B. Ịdị irè nke amịpụta ji:
a. Ojiji kwa ụbọchị: Mwepụta ji bụ tuber a mịrị amị nke ahịhịa Dioscorea site n'iji teknụzụ ọkachamara na-ewepụta na nhazi ngwaahịa, ihe a na-emepụta nwere ọtụtụ ihe eji eme ihe, dị ka ndụ anyị kwa ụbọchị na-emekarị yam powder, ngwaahịa ahụike, na ihe ndị ọzọ.

b. Ọgwụ dị irè: N'ime ụlọ ọgwụ, a na-eji yam na wepụ ya na-agwọ ọrịa ọrịa splin deficiency syndrome, afọ ọsịsa ụmụ ọhụrụ, ọrịa na-efe efe nke ụmụ ọhụrụ, ọrịa shuga, ọrịa bowel na-adịghị ala ala, emphysema na-adịghị ala ala, ọbara ọgbụgba na-agbapụta mgbe ọgwụgwọ ọrịa cancer ara gasịrị, wdg. Ọ nwekwara ike ịbụ. eji eme ya dị ka ngwaahịa capsule yam, ngwaahịa yam powder, mmiri mmiri ọnụ yam nutrition, ihe ọṅụṅụ yogọt, ihe na ihe ndị ọzọ.

c. Uru ahụike: Yam wepụ nwere ike inyere ndị mmadụ aka igbochi ọrụ nke enzymes nke na-akwalite ịka nká, nke nwere ike inyere ahụ aka igbu oge ịka nká, ị kwesịrị ịmara na e nwere ụdị dopamine dị na yam, dopamine nke a dị mkpa karịa ahụ mmadụ. , ọ bụ ihe ụbụrụ na-eji ebute ozi. Yam wepụ bara ụba na saponins, nke a pụrụ ikwu na ọ dị ezigbo mma maka ahụ mmadụ, ọ nwere ike inyere ndị mmadụ aka ibelata cholesterol na triglycerides nke ọma, ozugbo enwere ọbara mgbali elu na hyperlipidemia na ọrịa ndị ọzọ s. Yam wepụ nwere choline, nke bụ ihe ndabere nke acetylcholine, neurotransmitter na-etinye aka na mmụta na ebe nchekwa. Ihe ọmụmụ ndị bụ isi kwenyere na mmụba nke ọdịnaya acetylcholine n'ime ahụ mmadụ nwere mmụba dị ukwuu na mgbaàmà nke ọrịa Alzheimer. Enzyme nke saccharifying starch na yam wepụ bụ 3 ugboro ọdịnaya nke radish, nke nwere ike ịkwalite mgbaze ma wepụ ihe mgbaàmà na-adịghị mma dị ka ihe ndọpụ afọ mgbe a na-eri ya.

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